Vector graphics, also known as vector illustrations, are geometric-based graphics with unlimited resolution. Unlike raster graphics, they do not rely on pixels for their design. This fundamental difference allows vector designs to be scaled up or down without losing quality.
This quality makes vector graphics highly valuable in various applications, such as motion graphics, digital tablet drawing, and high-quality printing. The freedom to use shapes and geometric forms without quality loss sets vector graphics apart. They excel in map design, patterns, and intricate geometrical details.
Vector designs find extensive use in logo creation, animations, motion graphics, character design, illustration, mobile apps, web design, packaging, books, magazines, signs, apparel printing, and more.
Advantages of vector graphics include:
- Unlimited Quality: Due to their non-pixel nature, vector graphics can be zoomed in or out without losing quality.
- Smooth Shapes and Typography: Shapes, patterns, letters, and illustrations in vector graphics retain smoothness even when resized.
- Easy Editing: Vector files can be easily modified by adding or removing elements without complications.
- SVG Support: Vector designs support the SVG format, which offers smaller file sizes and faster loading compared to various raster image formats.
Examples of software for creating vector graphics include Adobe Illustrator, CorelDRAW, Inkscape, Affinity Designer, and Gravit Designer. Vector graphics are commonly saved in formats like PDF, EPS, AI, and SVG.
Comparing vector graphics (Vector) and raster images (Raster):
|Unlimited quality and resolution
|Limited quality and resolution
|Small file size
|Large file size
|PDF, EPS, AI, SVG formats
|JPEG, PNG, GIF formats
In summary, vector graphics are geometric-based designs that offer infinite scalability and smoothness, making them ideal for a wide range of applications, while raster images are pixel-based graphics that have limitations in terms of scalability and quality.